- With the grounding of virtually all civilian air
flights in the immediate aftermath of the September 11 terrorist
attacks, the bizarre speculation about what's happening in North
American air space heightened. Columbus Alive received numerous
citizen reports concerning airplanes "spraying" or leaving behind
mysterious "chemtrails" or "contrail grids" in the sky. Some feared we
were under biochemical attack while others postulated we were being
inoculated against anthrax or some other biochemical hazard.
- During a flight to Phoenix in early October, a
Columbus Alive reporter noted that air traffic was like a nest of
hornets over southwest Ohio and Indiana, with jets spraying
everywhere. One plane appeared to be a Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker, a
- What's the difference between a "chemtrail" and a
normal contrail (or vapor trail), the wisps of condensation you expect
to see in a jet's wake? Typically contrails can only form at
temperatures below negative-76 degrees Fahrenheit and at humidity
levels of 70 percent or more at high altitudes, according to National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration meteorologist Thomas Schlattes.
Even in most ideal conditions, a jet contrail lasts no more than 30
- So what are the big, bilious trails that seem to
hang indefinitely and slowly feather out and appear to turn into
cirrus clouds? Or the contrails seemingly purposely splayed over
cities in geometrically precise grid patterns? These are "chemtrails,"
and the mystery of their source and purpose has been fueling
increasing speculation among government skeptics and on watchdog
websites like chemtrailcentral.com, chemtrail.com and
- For the past decade, the official government
response to inquiries about the jet contrails appearing across the
continent is to attribute the phenomenon to increased commercial air
traffic. In 1997, the Christian Science Monitor reported the
government's claim that the jet contrails were actually causing clouds
- Yet, in the month after the attack on the World
Trade Center, there was very little commercial airline traffic and
virtually no private civilian air flights. Still, white jets billowing
lingering plumes frequently appeared in the skies over Columbus. An
Alive reporter, using high-quality binoculars, could see that some of
the white planes had orange markings. In addition to Stratotankers,
KC-10 Extenders, another refueling plane, appeared to be used for
- There's nothing new about these sightings. It may
seem to be the stuff of X-Files-style paranoia or grist for conspiracy
theorists (and skeptics like Jay Reynolds, writing at
goodsky.homestead.com, have made thorough attempts to debunk the
theories). But as chemtrail sightings become more common, mainstream
scientists (and the mainstream press) are taking note. One scientist
familiar with chemtrail experiments even agreed to speak with Columbus
Alive (though he refused to allow his name to be used), saying that
public disclosure of the experiments is inevitable and maybe imminent.
The Canadian Ottawa Citizen reported a "fervor over chemtrails" on May
16: "What one sees here reflects sightings across North America." The
Citizen noted, "West Quebec Post publisher Fred Ryan reports that his
readers have been photographing and comparing them [pictures of
chemtrails], and such manifestations are listed on the web."
- "Ground fallout [from the chemtrails] analyzed in
the United States contained carcinogens and bacteria. Coincidentally
in the past decade, most jet fuel was re-engineered to reduce fire
hazards by adding a long-banned pesticide, which was reportedly also
found in gel samples from chemtrails. Also found were toxic
micro-fibers, much finer than asbestos," the Citizen wrote.
- Chemtrail sightings have been reported in 14 NATO
nations. Investigative reporter William Thomas notes that "Croatian
chemtrails began the day after that country joined NATO."
- Which begs one simple question: Why?
- Explanations range from chemtrails' use in military
communications applications to scientific experiments designed to
control the weather, thwarting global warming or relieving
- A scientist working at Wright-Patterson Air Force
Base, who insisted on anonymity, told Columbus Alive that two
different secret projects have been conducted. One involved cloud
creation experiments to lessen the effect of global warming. The other
involved radiation reflection off clouds in conjunction with the
military's High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) in
- The scientist claims that the two most common
substances being sprayed into chemtrails are aluminum oxide and barium
stearate. When you see planes flying back and forth marking parallel
lines, X-patterns and grids in a clear sky, that's aluminum oxide,
according to the scientist. The goal is to create an artificial
sunscreen to reflect solar radiation back into space to alleviate
- In some cases, barium may be sprayed in a similar
manner for the purpose of "high-tech 3-D radar imaging. The barium can
be used for a 'wire' to shoot an electromagnetic beam through to take
3-D images of the ground far over the horizon," according to the
- Thomas, writing in the November-December 2001 issue
of NEXUS New Times magazine, essentially confirmed this assessment of
the activities at the Dayton air base. "The barium spread in exercises
conducted out of Wright-Patterson Air Force Base acts as an
electrolyte, enhancing conductivity of radar and radio waves," Thomas
reported. "Wright-Pat has also long been deeply engaged in HAARP's
electromagnetic warfare program."
- Ken Caldeira, a scientist at Lawrence Livermore Labs
and one of the country's leading experts on weather modification,
conducted the original computer modeling for the use of aluminum oxide
to fight global warming. He told Columbus Alive, "We originally did
this study to show that this program [using massive spraying for
weather modification] shouldn't be done," due to negative health
effects. Caldeira said there are persistent rumors that the Bush
administration will announce geo-engineering weather modification
projects this spring. Caldeira sees this as "political
- Patenting Mother Nature
- The amount of information available on weather
modification and defense applications surrounding the HAARP project
proves that chemtrails aren't so secret after all. Public documents
have trickled out of government offices and committees for the last 50
years. And the most valuable cache of data about weather-control
efforts is freely available from a very reliable source: the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office.
- Throughout the Cold War, both the United States and
the Soviet Union actively investigated the military use of weather
modification. In 1958, Captain Howard T. Orville served as the White
House's chief advisor on weather modification. He publicly admitted
that the military was studying "ways to manipulate the charges of the
earth and sky and so affect the weather through electronic beams to
ionize and de-ionize the atmosphere."
- Professor Gordon J.F. MacDonald, serving on the
President's Science Advisory Committee in 1966, frequently published
papers on the military use of weather modification. In the book Unless
Peace Comes, MacDonald titled a chapter "How To Wreck The
Environment." He described the military applications of weather
modification including climate change, melting the polar ice caps,
techniques for depleting the ozone layer over the enemy, engineering
earthquakes, manipulating ocean waves and using the earth's energy
fields for brain wave manipulation.
- "The key to geophysical warfare is the
identification of environmental instabilities to which the addition of
a small amount of energy would release vastly greater amounts of
energy," MacDonald commented.
- In the early 1970s, the U.S. Congressional
Subcommittee on Oceans and International Environment held
investigative hearings on the military's research into weather and
climate modification. The committee's findings were shocking at the
time, including detailed plans for creating tidal waves through the
coordinated use of nuclear weapons.
- A 1977 United Nations treaty, The Convention on the
Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of the Environmental
Modification Techniques, prohibited "the use of techniques that would
have widespread, long-lasting or severe effects through deliberate
manipulation of natural processes and cause such phenomena as
earthquakes, tidal waves and changes in climate and weather
- The revival of the Cold War during the Reagan years
produced a slew of new inventions in the area of weather modification.
Presumably to cool off the earth, an August 1982 patent, number
4347284, outlined plans to produce a "White covered sheet material
capable of reflecting ultraviolet rays" from the sun.
- Numerous other patents attempted to perfect "aerial
spraying of liquids," like patent number 4412654, registered in
November 1983: "A laminar microjet atomizer and method of aerial
spraying involved the use of a streamlined body having a slot in the
trailing edge thereof to afford a quiescent zone within the [airplane]
wing and into which liquid for spraying is introduced."
- Not to be outdone, a patent was filed in July 1986
detailing a "Liquid propane generator for cloud-seeding apparatus."
The abstract reads: "Apparatus is provided for release of liquid
propane from the holding chamber of a cloud-seeding rocket." A new and
improved "liquid atomizing apparatus for aerial spraying" was patented
in August 1990. "The generator is driven from a power take-off from
the engine of the spraying aircraft, a drive assembly includes a
device for controlling the speed of the generator relative to speed of
the engine," reads patent number 4948050.
- The breakup of the Soviet Union in the 1990s ushered
in brave new opportunities in weather modification. The New York Times
reported on September 24, 1992, that a Russian company was openly
selling electronic equipment to manipulate the weather in a specific
area. The Times noted that certain Russian farmers used the
weather-control technology to alter the climate for better crop
- A little over a month later, the Wall Street Journal
reported that Russian company Elate Intelligence Technologies Inc. was
selling weather-control equipment using the slogan "Weather made to
order." The Journal quoted Igor Pirogoff as saying that Hurricane
Andrew, which did an estimated $17 billion in damage, could have been
turned "into a wimpy little squall" by his company.
- South Africa's Water Resource Commission admitted to
being involved in the actual testing of "hygroscopic seeding particles
from a seeding flare" in an October 1994 patent: "In a confidential
technical trial which was conducted on a small isolated cloud
formation above the Nelspriut area in the Transvaal province of the
Republic of South Africa, two flares were ignited electrically from
inside the aircraftto produce rain."
- Russia's open selling of former Soviet military
weather modification devices often made for interesting news stories.
"Malaysia to battle smog with cyclones" is a headline in the November
13, 1997, Wall Street Journal. "The plan calls for the use of new
Russian technology to create cyclones-the giant storms also known as
typhoons and hurricanes-to cause torrential rains washing the smoke
out of the air," the Journal reported.
- By 1997, the great global reinsurance firms-the
companies that insure the insurers, like the Swiss Reinsurance Company
and Lloyd's of London-were complaining publicly of global warming and
the added risk of climate-related insurance losses. Beating the drum
in the U.S. for weather-modification technology to combat global
warming was none other than the father of the H-bomb, Edward Teller.
His public interest in the issue coincided with the December 1997
Kyoto Conference on global warming and greenhouse gas
- In April this year, the New York Times described
Teller as director emeritus of the Livermore Weapons Laboratory and
"an ardent advocate of the Reagan administration's Star Wars
anti-missile plan and, more recently, has promoted the idea of
manipulating the earth's atmosphere to counteract global
- The U.S. Air Force admitted to CNN in July that it
had broken up a storm over the Atlantic using products made by a
company called Dyn-O-Mat. The company's website, dynomat.com, lists
"environmental absorbent products" such as Dyn-O-Drought and
- As recently as November 13, another patent was filed
outlining a "method of modifying weather." The abstract reads: "The
polymer is dispersed into the cloud and the wind of the storm agitates
the mixture causing the polymer to absorb the rain. This reaction
forms a gelatinous substance which precipitate to the surface below.
Thus, diminishing the cloud's ability to rain."
- Sunbury resident Dan King remembers a stormy day in
July when he was driving on a newly resurfaced section of I-71 and
"the rainwater looked like dish soap water on the highway. I thought
it was just from the resurfacing," he said, "but when I got out in the
country I saw the same thing. Piles of suds at the side of the
- The scientist who works at Wright-Patterson told
Alive that barium stearate is basically a soap bonded to a metal and
could have produced the soapy rain.
- It's impossible to know which chemicals are being
sprayed or for what reason since, according to the government,
chemtrails don't exist. But, increasingly, government skeptics and
other watchdogs are demanding to know if chemtrail spraying poses any
- In his NEXUS New Times article, William Thomas
wrote, "Chemtrails can cause drought by soaking up all available
moisture, and drooping chemical curtains fall through vast colonies of
UV-mutated bacteria, viruses and fungi living in the upper atmosphere.
Could these malevolent micro-organisms be piggy-backing on the
- Thomas suggests that the spraying following
September 11 has nothing to do with a deliberate biological attack or
the inoculation of the American public. Rather, it's simply an ongoing
attempt by humans to fool with Mother Nature.
- First published December 6, 2001 Copyright © 2001
Columbus Alive, Inc. All rights reserved.