The States Parties to this Treaty
Reaffirming the importance and urgency of preventing an arms race in outer space and of approving concrete proposals on confidence building which could prevent such an arms race, as set out in United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 56/535 and 55/32 on the prevention of an arms race in outer space,
Recognizing the common interest of all humankind in the exploration and non-weapons use of outer space for peaceful purposes,
Reaffirming the will of all States that the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon, the planets and other celestial bodies, shall be for weapons-free, peaceful purposes and shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interest of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development,
Reaffirming the provisions of articles III and IV of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, Resolution 2222(XXI), annex,
Recalling the obligations of all States to observe the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations regarding the use or threat of use of force in their international relations, including in their space activities,
Reaffirming paragraph 80 of the Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly, Resolution S-10/2, in which it was stated that in order to prevent an arms race in space further measures should be taken and appropriate international negotiations held in accordance with the spirit of the Treaty,
Reiterating that the Conference on Disarmament, as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum, has the primary role in the negotiation of a multilateral agreement or agreements, as appropriate, on the prevention of an arms race in outer space in all its aspects, as set out in United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 56/535 and 55/32 on the prevention of an arms race in outer space,
Affirming that it is the policy of the State Parties to this Treaty to
permanently ban all space-based weapons,
Have agreed as follows:
2. Each State Party to this
Treaty shall immediately work toward supporting other non-signatory State
Parties in negotiating, signing, ratifying, and implementing this world
agreement banning space-based weapons.
3. The Secretary General of the United Nations shall submit to the General Assembly of the United Nations within 90 days of the date that three (3) State Parties have signed this Treaty, and every 90 days thereafter, a report on:
1. Each State Party to this Treaty
undertakes not to base in space any object carrying nuclear weapons or any other
kinds of weapons, including weapons of mass destruction, install such
space-based objects or weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in
outer space in any other manner. The moon, the planets, and other
celestial bodies shall be used by all States Parties to this Treaty exclusively
for non-weapons, peaceful purposes. The establishment of weapons-related
military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of
weapons and the conduct of military maneuvers on celestial bodies or space-based
objects shall be forbidden.
2. The use of military personnel for
scientific research or for any other non-space-based weapons, peaceful purposes
shall not be prohibited. The use of any equipment or facility necessary for
peaceful exploration or habitation of the moon, the planets or other celestial
bodies, or on objects in space shall also not be
Each State Party to this Treaty
undertakes not to assist, encourage or induce any State, group of States,
international organization, or other entity or program to engage in activities
contrary to the provisions of this Treaty.
Each State Party to this Treaty agrees to
the establishment, funding, equipping and deployment of an outer space
peacekeeping agency, whose mission is to monitor outer space and enforce the
permanent ban of space-based weapons under this
As used in Article I, the
1. The terms "space" and "outer
space" mean all space extending upward from an altitude greater that 60
kilometers above the surface of the earth and any celestial body in such
Each State Party to this Treaty undertakes to take any measures it considers necessary in accordance with its constitutional processes to prohibit and prevent any activity in violation of the provisions of the Treaty anywhere under its jurisdiction or control.
This Treaty shall be of unlimited
1. Two years after the entry into
force of this Treaty, a conference of the States Parties to the Treaty shall be
convened by the Depositary at Geneva, Switzerland. The conference shall review
the operation of the Treaty with a view to ensuring that its purposes and
provisions are being realized, and shall in particular examine the effectiveness
of the provisions of articles I and II in eliminating the dangers of an arms
race in space, and of space-based weapons.
2. At intervals of not less than
two years thereafter, a majority of the States Parties to the Treaty may
obtain, by submitting a proposal to this effect to the Depositary, the
convening of a conference with the same objectives.
3. If no conference has been
convened pursuant to paragraph 2 of this article within ten years following
the conclusion of a previous conference, the Depositary shall solicit the
views of all States Parties to the Treaty, concerning the convening of such a
conference. If one-third or ten of the States Parties, whichever number is
less, respond affirmatively, the Depositary shall take immediate steps to
convene the conference.
1. This Treaty shall be open to all
States for signature. Any State which does not sign the Treaty before its entry
into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article may accede to it at
2. This Treaty shall be subject
to ratification by signatory States. Instruments of ratification or accession
shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
3. This Treaty shall enter into
force upon the deposit of instruments of ratification by twenty Governments in
accordance with paragraph 2 of this article.
4. For those States whose
instruments of ratification or accession are deposited after the entry into
force of this Treaty, it shall enter into force on the date of the deposit of
their instruments of ratification or accession.
5. The Depositary shall promptly
inform all signatory and acceding States of the date of each signature, the
date of deposit of each instrument of ratification or accession and the date
of the entry into force of this Treaty and of any amendments thereto, as well
as of the receipt of other notices.
6. This Treaty shall be
registered by the Depositary in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of
the United Nations.
This Treaty, of which the English,
Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall
be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall send
certified copies thereof to the Governments of the signatory and acceding
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned,
being duly authorized thereto by their respective governments, have signed this
Treaty, opened for signature at __________ on the ____day of __________,
two thousand and two.
DONE at _____________, ______________ on ____________, ____, 2002.