The States Parties to this Treaty

      Reaffirming the importance and urgency of preventing an arms race in outer space and of approving concrete proposals on confidence building which could prevent such an arms race, as set out in United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 56/535 and 55/32 on the prevention of an arms race in outer space,

      Recognizing the common interest of all humankind in the exploration and non-weapons use of outer space for peaceful purposes,

      Reaffirming the will of all States that the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon, the planets and other celestial bodies, shall be for weapons-free, peaceful purposes and shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interest of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development,

      Reaffirming the provisions of articles III and IV of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, Resolution 2222(XXI), annex,

      Recalling the obligations of all States to observe the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations regarding the use or threat of use of force in their international relations, including in their space activities,

      Reaffirming paragraph 80 of the Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly, Resolution S-10/2, in which it was stated that in order to prevent an arms race in space further measures should be taken and appropriate international negotiations held in accordance with the spirit of the Treaty,

      Reiterating that the Conference on Disarmament, as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum, has the primary role in the negotiation of a multilateral agreement or agreements, as appropriate, on the prevention of an arms race in outer space in all its aspects, as set out in United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 56/535 and 55/32 on the prevention of an arms race in outer space,

      Affirming that it is the policy of the State Parties to this Treaty to permanently ban all space-based weapons, 

Have agreed as follows:

Article I


  1. Each State Party to this Treaty shall:
  1. Nothing in this Treaty shall be construed to prohibit the following activities, provided such activities are not related to space-based weapons:

Article II 

1.  Each State Party to this Treaty undertakes not to base in space any object carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons, including weapons of mass destruction, install such space-based objects or weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner.  The moon, the planets, and other celestial bodies shall be used by all States Parties to this Treaty exclusively for non-weapons, peaceful purposes. The establishment of weapons-related military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of weapons and the conduct of military maneuvers on celestial bodies or space-based objects shall be forbidden.   

2. The use of military personnel for scientific research or for any other non-space-based weapons, peaceful purposes shall not be prohibited. The use of any equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration or habitation of the moon, the planets or other celestial bodies, or on objects in space shall also not be prohibited. 

Article III 

Each State Party to this Treaty undertakes not to assist, encourage or induce any State, group of States, international organization, or other entity or program to engage in activities contrary to the provisions of this Treaty. 

Article IV 

Each State Party to this Treaty agrees to the establishment, funding, equipping and deployment of an outer space peacekeeping agency, whose mission is to monitor outer space and enforce the permanent ban of space-based weapons under this Treaty. 

Article V 

As used in Article I, the terms: 

1.  The terms "space" and "outer space" mean all space extending upward from an altitude greater that 60 kilometers above the surface of the earth and any celestial body in such space. 

  1. The terms "space-based weapon" and "space-based system" mean a device capable of damaging or destroying an object or person (whether in outer space, in the atmosphere, or on earth) by -

Article VI 

Each State Party to this Treaty undertakes to take any measures it considers necessary in accordance with its constitutional processes to prohibit and prevent any activity in violation of the provisions of the Treaty anywhere under its jurisdiction or control.

Article VII

  1. The provisions of articles I and II of this Treaty shall apply to all States, regardless of whether such States are signatories to this Treaty.
  1. Any State Party to this Treaty may propose amendments to the Treaty. The text of any proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Depositary who shall promptly circulate it to all States Parties.
  1. An amendment shall enter into force for all States Parties to this Treaty, upon the deposit with the Depositary of instruments of acceptance by a majority of States Parties. Thereafter it shall enter into force for any remaining State Party on the date of deposit of its instrument of acceptance.

Article VIII

This Treaty shall be of unlimited duration.  

Article IX  

1.  Two years after the entry into force of this Treaty, a conference of the States Parties to the Treaty shall be convened by the Depositary at Geneva, Switzerland. The conference shall review the operation of the Treaty with a view to ensuring that its purposes and provisions are being realized, and shall in particular examine the effectiveness of the provisions of articles I and II in eliminating the dangers of an arms race in space, and of space-based weapons. 

Article X

1.  This Treaty shall be open to all States for signature. Any State which does not sign the Treaty before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article may accede to it at any time.  

Article XI  

This Treaty, of which the English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall send certified copies thereof to the Governments of the signatory and acceding States.  

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto by their respective governments, have signed this Treaty, opened for signature at __________ on the ____day of  __________, two thousand and two. 

DONE at _____________, ______________ on ____________, ____, 2002.